What plan for your next speech? I wrote an article in which I give a tip to improvise a speech in less than a minute. Here I will show you what are the "basic" plans of a speech that you have had time to prepare. The plan of a speech is extremely important in the sense that it allows you to organize your ideas. Are you talking to say nothing? So be sure to make yourself understood.
The classic rhetorical speech
I do not voluntarily address this structure, preferring to concentrate in this article on other more down to Earth. Here it is for information.
-Exordium: Make you want to listen
-Narrative: More or less objective description of the facts
-Improvisation: Thoughtful improvisation, figures of rhetoric, logic and emotion of course.
-Discussion: The real debate (legal, logical)
-Peroration: Conclusion towards an amplified feeling.
The four main elements of a speech
-An effective introduction
-A relevant conclusion
-A plan that helps understanding
-Smooth transitions from one point to another
Do you remember the high school, when the professor asked you for editorials of thesis structure, antithesis, synthesis? Welcome to the adult world, you can now argue to 100% in one direction. It turns out that most often you talk to convince-or should, not to weigh the pros or cons. Thanks to the plan of your intervention, you put forward the logical and structural elements of your intervention, you leave nothing to chance. The lightness of the examples given is obviously caricature.
Even if you don't learn the whole speech by heart, always learn your transitions by heart. Most speeches have an introduction and a conclusion. Few are those with transitions. But it is through the transitions that you make sure you understand the audience. In writing, capital letters, punctuation, titles, bolds allow to play this role and to classify the information. In the oral, it is the breaks and the transitions that make sure. Examples:
As a result…
In the same vein…
My third point is the following:…
The second point I would like to address with you…
The three-part structure
It is the structure used in the novels, the cinema, the theatre. The rule of three is creeping around.
Part I: Setting up (one quarter of the total duration)
Part II: The confrontation (half of the total duration)
Part III: The resolution (one quarter of the total duration)
Typical example: The Hero boy of our story meets the girl > difficulty, the girl moves away with a second boy > The first boy is with the girl in fine for a happy ending.
Two important transitions take place between the first and second acts and then between the second and third. First twist in the plot: The boy thought the girl was infatuated with him in life to death, but he realizes that she becomes attracted to another. Second turning point in the plot: The girl realizes that in reality in acts, the first boy is the good.
This basic structure is extremely effective, so much so that it immediately puts the spectator of a film at ease. Why not do the same in your next speech?
The different structures in three acts
By using the rule of three in your plans, you gain all the benefits: Understanding, Globality, roundness. Your speeches will be all the easier to follow and remember. Here are different speech structures:
Structure #1: Basic structure-Introduction, message body and conclusion
The easiest method. Not sure what construction to give to your argument? Use this one. You will probably not be exceptional, but you will certainly not be bad.
Perhaps this structure seems obvious to you. Also the next time you listen to speeches, notice how much omitting the introduction and conclusion. No doubt the professor is no longer behind your back, you lose all rigour. What are the consequences of such an oversight? Forgetting the introduction is getting the audience to wonder why it is here. Forgetting the conclusion is getting the audience to wonder why someone wanted to make a useless speech.
Slide PowerPoint 32 A Statistic > slide 33 and last slide of content another statistic > Slide 34 "Thank you" > Slide 35 "questions?" >… no question!
Structure #2: Descriptive structure – what are we going to talk about, let's talk about it, that's what we talked about.
This structure is based on a truth: The more you hear a message, the more you hold it! Simple Structure probably, too simple maybe, useless certainly not.
1. Introduction: What we're going to talk about
2. Message body: Let's talk about it: Develop your theme, maybe use an antithesis of your theme to reinforce the message
3. Conclusion: This is what we talked about, invitation to action.
Introduction: "I'll tell you about how my parents met and got married (or not)"
Body: After some adventures I realized something important, to court, it works! (or not) »
Conclusion: "So, I remind you that making the court works (or not)"
Introduction: I'm going to talk to you about what, who and why such a thing.
-What is such a thing?
-Who created, participates, benefits from this thing?
-Why is this thing important?
Conclusion: Summary of the three points, request for action.
Structure #3: Historical structure – past, present, future
This structure can be used in two ways:
-Past, present, future
-Introduction, body of the message (past, present, future), conclusion.
What better persuasion than the discourse that shows a relevant solution to a problem?
Past: "When my brother met Sophie, everything seemed to go for the best in the world of Care Bears."
Present: "Lack of luck, my brother realized, at 25 years, that he was not the only man on Earth to court the pretty young women. Today he has the impression of losing her.
Future: "If you court this muse in such a different way, my brother, you will make her your wife!"
Past: "My proud warriors, you are what Greece has borne more beautiful!"
Present: "Today the enemy is at our gates." He's about to destroy our houses. He's about to kill our families. He is about to plunder the wealth created by the sweat of our foreheads. Are we going to let them? (Fear and anger are excellent motivations).
Future: "Remember who you are, you are lions!" Fight with me, and the whole world will hear your name! Fight with me, repel the enemy and we will return home, proud to have ensured the security of Greece, satisfied with being able to live happily in our family! (Hope is also an excellent motivation).
This structure is effective in that it allows the audience to follow what you say. On the other hand, avoid the repeated round trips between past, present, past and future.
It is also about the speech structure that makes it possible to express a process:
Intro: The origins of such a method.
Definition: What is the X method?
Body: First step A, after this step we go to step B, the completed step B takes us to step C, then…
Conclusion: Reaffirm the importance of the method.
Structure # 4: Problem, resolution, example
This structure is especially adapted to motivate a move to action.
1. Introduction: Description of the situation
2. Message body:
Has. Problem, resolution, example
b. Problem, resolution, example
C. Problem, resolution, example
This structure can form the whole speech or be repeated several times in a speech.
#5 Structure: Three-point Plan (English essay type).
Other basic structure. Limit yourself to the 3 most important and persuasive points. Less, your document will be lacking in credibility. Plus, you're taking risks to go wrong.
1. Introduction: State the subject, the message you want to pass, list the three points.
2. Message body:
Has. Point 1 (profit, contribution to the main subject)
b. Item 2 (Earnings, contribution to the main subject)
C. Item 3 (Earnings, contribution to the main topic), transition to conclusion.
3. Conclusion: Repeat the points, summarize the message you wanted to pass, give the need to use it.
Introduction: "I'll tell you about the best way to flirt, the best way to flirt is to show you love Butterflies"
(Transition: "Why should I say I love butterflies?" My first reason is)
"If you like butterflies you show that you are sensitive. To be sensitive to women. "
(Transition: "The second quality of a butterfly is to be ephemeral")
"If you love butterflies, you show that you love what is ephemeral." Ephémère means that she knows that she will be able to spend the night with you without having to cuddle for three days to calm your cries the next morning.
(Transition: Finally, last reason why…)
"If you like butterflies, you show that you're original and that you don't care about her. She will take this as a challenge, but women like the challenge. "
Conclusion: To be sensitive, to be a man who does not cry, to be original, by showing that you love butterflies, you see all these messages. But these messages melt women. Next meeting: Think "Butterfly"!
#6 Structure: Three Stories
This structure is once again useful to motivate one or more people. When you tell a story, use the rule of three. Another truth: One holds a story better than an abstract rule. A story is always a good idea.
1. Introduction: Start strong, present the subject and the message
2. Story 1 > point 1
3. Story 2 > point 2
4. Story 3 > point 3
5. Conclusion: It must bind the 3 stories, the 3 points to give strength and vigor to your message.
Introduction: "Brick and cement can save your Life"
When the big Bad wolf blew on the straw house, the house collapsed and the pig was eaten. Straw doesn't protect. »
When the big Bad wolf blew on the house of Twigs, the house collapsed and the pig was eaten. Straw doesn't protect you either. »
"When the great Bad Wolf finally blew on the house of brick and cement, this one tinted. The third pig remained healthy and safe. »
Conclusion: If you want your housing to be strong enough to withstand the elements, remember the three Little pigs. Forget straw and twigs, think brick and cement. (And don't forget the chimney and the kettle). »
#7 Structure: The choice of a given solution
Persuasive Structure when it comes to determining a conduct to follow, via logical arguments.
-Introduction: Setting up the subject, there is a problem and a solution proposed
1. The benefits of this solution
2. The disadvantages of this solution
3. Recommendation: Why do the benefits exceed the disadvantages?
-Conclusion: Take back the benefits and repeat the recommendation.
Introduction: "The house is infested with mice, we think to buy a cat rather than traps"
1. A cat is cute, a cat is sociable, a cat it meows tenderly, a cat is cuddly (sometimes), a cat will delight the children. A cat prevents children from putting their fingers in the traps.
2. A cat you have to feed it and it smells bad, it costs more.
3. A cat will be as effective as the traps and will put a good atmosphere in the family by pleasing the children.
Conclusion: "The cat has the advantages of being a cat (do better in your speeches;)), so buying a cat is more savvy than buying traps."
Any other structures for your speeches?
I've given you seven structures to organize your speech. Do you know others? Talk about it on Twitter, my account: @CoachEloquence!